THE MICROBIAL (non-medical) CULTURE COLLECTIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Presently there are more than 20 culture collections of non-medical profile in Russian Federation. The total holding of the collections exceeds 45 thousands of microbial cultures isolated from the very different sources and being of scientific and biotechnological importance.
   
Over 27 thousands of cultures of bacteria, including actinomycetes, are being held at 10 main Russian collections. 6 collections of filamentous fungi and 4 collections of yeast maintain approximately 7 thousands of respective cultures. 3 specialized collections of microalgal cultures hold over 1.5 thousands of strains. In a series of collections phages, plasmids and genetically modified strains of microorganisms are held.
   
Besides the main work on taxonomy, systematics, identification and preservation of viable cultures, the scientific staff of collections systematically screens the strains of microorganisms for specific properties such as production of biologically active metabolites, etc.
   
The information data management of culture collections includes the regular publication of Catalogues of strains issued both in printed and electronic forms. Catalogues of strains of all main collections of Russian Federation are now accessible via Internet (WDCM WFCC), as well as on diskettes and hard copies from collections.


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